According to Occupational Safety & Health Administration (2007), to conduct a Job Safety Analysis you need to consider the following:
1. Involve your employees
- It is very important to involve your employees in the hazard analysis process.
- They have a unique understanding of the job, and this knowledge is invaluable for finding hazards.
- Involving employees will help minimise oversights, ensure a quality analysis and get workers to participate in creating a solution because they will share ownership in their safety and health program.
2. Review your accident history
- Review with your employees your worksite’s history of accidents and occupational illnesses that needed treatment and losses that required repair or replacement.
- These events are indicators that the existing hazard controls (if any) may not be adequate and deserve more scrutiny.
3. Conduct a preliminary job review
- Discuss with your employees the hazards they know exist in their current work and surroundings. Brainstorm with them for ideas to eliminate or control those hazards.
- If any hazards exist that pose an immediate danger to a worker’s life or health, take immediate action to protect the worker.
- Any problems that can be corrected easily should be corrected as soon as possible prior to completing your job safety analysis.
- This will demonstrate your commitment to safety and health and enable you to focus on the hazards and jobs that need more study because of their complexity.
4. List, rank, and set priorities for hazardous jobs.
- List jobs with hazards that present unacceptable risks, and rank them based on those most likely to occur and those with the most severe consequences.
5. Outline the steps or tasks.
- Nearly every job can be broken down into job tasks or steps.
- When beginning a job safety analysis, watch the employee perform the job and list each step as the employee takes it.
- Be sure to record enough information to describe each job action without getting overly detailed.
- Avoid making the breakdown too detailed that it becomes unnecessarily long or broad that it does not include basic steps.
- You may find it valuable to get input from other workers who have performed the same job.
- Later, review the job steps with the employee to make sure you have not omitted something.
- Point out that you are evaluating the job itself, not the employee’s job performance.
- Include the employee in all phases of the analysis – from reviewing the job steps and procedures to discussing uncontrolled hazards and recommended solutions.
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Job Hazard Analysis. (2007). Occupational Safety & Health Administration. P. 4-5.